Friday, February 18, 2022

Essay on Independence Day in India

 Independence Day in India

Every year on August 15 we celebrate our country's Independence Day which marks the day we became an independent nation. This means we were free to rule ourselves and no one else could rule us. The day marks the 200th anniversary of the freedom of our beloved country from the long, hard rule of the British. It was a long and bloody struggle, for which many brave freedom fighters and great men sacrificed their lives.
Independence Day

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India, once said that India would awaken at the stroke of midnight when the rest of the world sleeps. With these words, he aptly summed up the struggle and joy that accompanied the independence of India from British rule. The flag was raised above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi by Jawaharlal Nehru, which has become a symbolic gesture every August 15 in honor of Independence Day in India.

Importance of Independence Day

The independence day of India represents an event of positive significance for the country, as we became free from British rule on this day. It unites diverse individuals throughout the country. Unity in diversity is the foundation and strength of India. It commemorates the valour and spirit of the freedom fighters who fought for the freedom of the nation from British rule.
Celebration of Independence Day

A day prior to Independence Day, the president of the country delivers a televised 'Address to the Nation'. The day is observed as one of pride and honour for India, and the Prime Minister hoists the flag and speaks from the Red Fort.  Freedom Fighters sacrificed a lot to set India free from British rule. The 15th of August is a national holiday and is celebrated with flag hoisting, parades, and cultural celebrations.

History of Independence Day

For about 100 years, the East India Company ruled India. The battle of Plassey took place in 1757 when the East India Company won the battle. As a result of the victories, the British Company began to exert power over India. In 1857, our nation had its first revolt against foreign rule. The country unified against British rule.
The first National Flag was unfurled at the Red Fort on this day, 1947 when India became independent. We won freedom from British power through a hard struggle. First Independence Day was also the day when Jawaharlal Nehru, our first Prime Minister, unfurled the National Flag.   
During the British colonial era, Indian rulers were merely puppets in the hands of British officers, Indian fighters were treated with cruelty in British camps, and farmers were starving because they couldn't grow crops and needed to pay extensive taxes. Many great Freedom fighters fought for independence due to which our country became independent.

Celebration of Independence Day

Throughout the country, national anthems are sung and ceremonies are held to raise the flags. Drills are conducted in every corner of the country and Indians dress in a specific manner in order to celebrate their nation and culture. The day is celebrated with great pomp and show in Delhi, the national capital. Both leaders and common people gather in large numbers to greet the Prime Minister, who will be arriving in the area in front of the Red Fort. Hoisting the national flag, the Prime Minister gives a speech highlighting the government's accomplishments of the past year, pointing out the issues that still need to be addressed, and calling for further development.


India became independent on 15th August 1947 from the British due to which we all Indians celebrate Independence Day. On this occasion, all schools and colleges are closed and all people come together to celebrate this day. The Prime Minister hoists the flag on the Red Fort. 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why Independence Day is celebrated?
Ans. The importance of Independence Day lies in the remembrance of the valour, grit, and commitment of those who fought for our freedom from British rule. The day is celebrated as a day of national pride and honor, with Prime Ministers raising the flag and addressing the nation.

2. When Independence Day is Celebrated in India?
Ans. Independence Day is celebrated in India on 15th August as India got independence on 15th August 1947.

3. Who was the first Prime Minister and President of Independent India?
Ans. The first Prime Minister was Jawaharlal Nehru and President was Rajendra Prasad.

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